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Volume 43 - Number 1 - 2008

Karyotypes and microfluorometric studies in Porphyra columbina Montagne (Bangiales, Rhodophyta), with reference to morphology and sexuality

Rodrigo Badilla1, Elisabeth Von Brand2 and Gloria Collantes1


1Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Valparaíso, Valparaíso. Casilla 5080 Reñaca, Viña del Mar, Chile
2Departamento de Biología Marina, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 117, Coquimbo, Chile



Ten morphotypes attributed to different species of Porphyra have been found in the central coast from Chile. In this paper we report the chromosome number and microfluorometric studies in P. columbina from Montemar, Chile (32°57'S - 71°33'W). Reproductive gametophytes from two morphotypes were separated by morphology, sexuality and characteristic pattern distribution of reproductive cells: P. columbina (monoecious interspersed male and female patches distribution) and P. columbina f. 1 (dioecious and monoecious sectorised male and female patches distribution). The results of P. columbina (n=20 gametophytes) showed a basic haploid chromosome number of n=3, except one frond with 2 and 3 chromosomes in their cells. The results of P. columbina f.1 (n= 26 gametophytes) showed a haploid chromosome number of n=4, but the haploid condition was found inconsistently in some fronds, having a chromosome range from 3 to 5. Mean of nuclear DNA fluorescence of spermatangia and zygotosporangia of both morphotypes had coherent haploid and diploid values. Inter morphotypes comparison of nuclear DNA fluorescence values in spermatangia had significant differences (P<0.05).


Key words: Red algae, chromosomes, relative fluorescence units




1Laboratorio de Zooplancton, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología,Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. A. P. 70-305, 04510 México, D. F. México
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