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Volume 43 - Number 1 - 2008

Reproductive cycle of Anadara tuberculosa (Sowerby, 1833) (Arcidae) in Magdalena Bay, Mexico

Federico A. García-Domínguez1, Alejandro De Haro-Hernández2, Ángel García-Cuellar3, Marcial Villalejo-Fuerte1 y Sonia Rodríguez-Astudillo1


1Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas, Av. IPN s/n. Apdo. Postal 592, La Paz 23096, Baja California Sur, México
2Centro de Bachillerato Ind. Tecnológico y de Servicios 62. Jalisco s/n La Paz, B.C.S., México
3Centro de Bachillerato Ind. Tecnológico y de Servicios 230. 20 de Noviembre y Bordo s/n. La Paz, B.C.S., México



The reproductive cycle of Anadara tuberculosa (Sowerby, 1833) and its relationship with temperature and food availability in Magdalena Bay, Mexico was studied. Twenty five adult specimens were collected, on a monthly basis, between January 1998 and February 1999. Gonads were processed by routinary histology. The reproductive cycle was divided in five stages: resting, developing, ripe, spawning and spent. The developing stage was found within the interval March-October and December 1998, and also in February 1999. Spawning was observed within intervals: January-April and June-December 1998, reaching the highest frequencies in: January (60%), September (60%), and December (71.4%). Ripeness occurred within periods: January-March and June-December 1998, reaching the highest frequencies in July (70%) and August (57.8%). A significant relationship was found between temperature and ripe stage. The annual mean concentration of chlorophyll a was 2.8 mg m-3, the lowest concentrations were 0.5 mg m-3 (January) and 0.8 mg m-3 (February and December). The highest chlorophyll a rate (9.4 mg m-3) corresponded to May 1998. A significant correlation was found between specimens in developing stage and food availability. It is concluded that the reproductive cycle of A. tuberculosa exhibits some characteristics of molluscs living in temperate and subtropical waters, because its reproduction occurs during the whole year, although it has two massive spawning periods.


Key words: Bivalvia, mangrove cockle, reproduction, spawning




1Laboratorio de Zooplancton, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología,Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. A. P. 70-305, 04510 México, D. F. México
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