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Volume 43 - Number 3 - 2008
Artículo


Feeding behavior of the infaunal bivalve Tagelus dombeii (Lamarck, 1818). Suspension vs. deposit feeding

Jorge M. Navarro1, Elena Clasing1, Marco Lardies2 and Robert A. Stead3

 

1Instituto de Biología Marina Dr. Jürgen Winter. Universidad Austral de Chile, Casilla 567, Valdivia, Chile
2Departamento de Ciencias Básicas - CIENCIA-UST, Universidad Santo Tomás, Ejército 146, Santiago, Chile
3Centro de Investigación i-mar, Universidad de Los Lagos, Casilla 557, Puerto Montt, Chile

 

E-mail:  jnavarro@uach.cl


The feeding behavior of two populations of the bivalve Tagelus dombeii (Lamarck, 1818) was studied through laboratory experiments, with the purpose of establishing a possible dual feeding strategy (suspensivore/detritivore). Individuals from both the intertidal population of Coihuín (near Puerto Montt, Chile) as well as those from the subtidal of Corral Bay (near Valdivia) showed continuous suspension feeding with total absence of deposit feeding when immersed, and always showed their open siphons flush with the sediment surface. These observations were confirmed by the high clearance rates shown by both populations of T. dombeii, similar to the ones described for obligate suspension feeding bivalves. Different results were obtained during emersion, since T. dombeii individuals from both populations displayed their siphons on the sediment (3-5 cm), thus behaving as deposit feeders. Deposit feeding was observed in up to 80% of individuals. The present study allows to conclude that T. dombeii is primarily a suspension-feeder, which might be related to the dominance of sand (>92%) in the habitat of both populations studied. Growth coincides with periods of suspended particulate food supply increase in the natural environment. This suggests that T. dombeii would be competing for the particulate food supply with the community of obligate suspension feeding bivalves in these habitats

 

Key words: Bivalve, tidal flat

 

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1Laboratorio de Zooplancton, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología,Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. A. P. 70-305, 04510 México, D. F. México
 
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