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Volume 41 - Number 2 - 2006
Artículo


Spatial distribution and shell utilization in three sympatric hermit crabs at non-consolidated sublittoral of estuarine-bay complex in São Vicente, São Paulo, Brazil

Bruno S. Sant’Anna1, Cilene M. Zangrande1, Álvaro L. D. Reigada1 and Evandro Severino-Rodrigues2 


1 Universidade Estadual Paulista, Campus do Litoral Paulista, Unidade São Vicente Grupo de Pesquisa em Biologia de Crustáceos (CRUSTA) Pça. Infante Dom Henrique, s/n. – CEP 11330-900 – São Vicente (SP), Brasil
2 Centro Avançado de Pesquisa Tecnológica do Agronegócio do Pescado Marinho, Instituto de Pesca
APTA, SAA. Av. Bartolomeu de Gusmão, 192, CEP 11030-906, Santos (SP), Brasil

 

E-mail:  areigada@uol.com.br


The objective of the present study was to characterize the spatial distribution and shell utilization of three hermit crab species in the estuarine-bay complex of São Vicente, São Paulo State, Brazil.Monthly samples were done throughout two years, in the non-consolidated sub-littoral at the estuarine-bay complex. The environmental factors, such as temperature, salinity and depth, were measured every month. The three hermit crab species, Clibanarius vittatus, Loxopagurus loxochelis and Isocheles sawayai, were captured utilizing shells from six gastropods species; 92.7% of the hermit crabs utilized Stramonita haemastoma. The results suggest a strong correlation between hermit crabs spatial distribution and salinity, which was considered the main environmental factor limiting their distribution in the estuary. I. sawayai was the only species present in all transects sampled; C. vittatus was captured only in regions with low salinity and L. loxochelis occurredonly in high salinity waters.

 

Key words: Clibanarius, Loxopaguros, Isocheles, Anomura

  

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1Laboratorio de Zooplancton, Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología,Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. A. P. 70-305, 04510 México, D. F. México
 
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