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Volume 45 - Suppl. 1 - 2010
Article

 


Seasonal variation in fish bycatch associated with an artisanal flounder fishery on Coquimbo Bay, Chile

Sebastián Hernández1,2, María Teresa González3, Juan Carlos Villarroel1,4 and Enzo Acuña1

1Departamento de Biología Marina, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica del Norte, Casilla 117, Coquimbo, Chile
2School of Biological Sciences, Victoria University of Wellington, PO Box 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
3Instituto de Investigaciones Oceanológicas, Universidad de Antofagasta, Casilla 117, Antofagasta, Chile
4Dirección Zonal de Pesca XV, I y II regiones, Avda. Arturo Prat 920, Iquique, Chile

 

E-mail: sebastian.hernandez@vuw.ac.nz

 

Seasonal bycatch composition of the flounder gillnet fishery in the Coquimbo Bay, between October 2006 and November 2007 was analyzed. Landed species were identified and weighted (kg). These data set was used to estimate the relative importance of weight and frequency of occurrence of each species in relation to the total catch. To evaluate the seasonal variation of landed species, we performed cluster analyses (based on frequency of occurrence, mean weight, CPUE), and correspondence analysis (frequency of occurrence; CPUE). Thirty-two species were recorded as bycatch, being the most frequent species, the Chondrichthyan, Callorhinchus callorhynchus, Squatina armata and Mustelus mento. Paralichthys spp., C. callorhynchus, M. mento, Myliobatis chilensis, S. armata and Thyrsites atun, were strongly associated with spring and summer seasons; while Sciaena deliciosa and Merluccius gayi were associated with winter and autumn

 

Key words: Bycatch, gillnet artisanal fishery, chondrichthyans

 

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