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Rev. biol. mar. oceanogr. 48(2): i-ii

Editorial Note


New times for the Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía

Ricardo Bravo1

1Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de Valparaíso, Avenida Borgoño 16344, Reñaca, Viña del Mar, Chile

ricardo.bravo@uv.cl

 

The Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía, founded in 1948, has published continuously one printed volume per year, with 3 issues per volume during its extensive 65 years of life. Throughout this period has undergone a series of changes in its format and structure, that has been adapted to the needs of the times and looking for the best way to reach the more than 100 universities, institutions, museums and societies from 28 different countries that receive the journal through direct purchase or exchange. This year 2013 (December issue), our Journal will close this cycle of print publication to follow on just with digital format, more in accordance with ecological principles and sustainability of resources of modern times. Digitalization has made today a structural change in the field of communications, equivalent to that generated by Gutenberg over five centuries ago, with the massive application and improvement in the use of print press.

We are aware that saying goodbye to print publication is a difficult instance for a part of the academic community that tends to be rather conservative. For them, print journal and aromatic satin paper is part of a romantic dimension that is difficult to emulate. But today our planet and its various ecosystems are in a very delicate situation, due to over exploitation of natural resources and pollution and as a result of environmental damage. In both dimensions, papermaking causes significant ecological footprint. The paper industry is one of the largest consumers of energy and water, and is the third largest responsible of emitting greenhouse gases. Moreover, it is known that about 40% of the wood harvested in the world for industrial utilization is used to make paper.

Into the last three years, our scientific journal has produced a print run of 200 copies per issue, reaching up to 500 copies about 10 years ago, when paper and transport costs were lower, counting the volume of paper used annually in printing on the order of hundreds of thousands of pages. Among the benefits associated with the online edition of the journal, is that the concept of "circulation of print copies" no longer exists, because it is associated with the usage of paper and printing costs. The online dissemination of articles is limitless. Another important reduction in money and time is related to the distribution of the printed copies. Transportation to hundreds and thousands of miles away has a high cost and brings into play a timely arrival at destination. Thus, at present the scientific literature reaches more people due to the mode "Open Access" being currently a tool of great capacity for transferring of knowledge. Additionally, the inclusion of email addresses of the authors allows direct contact, exchange of information, comments, etc. These issues are fundamentals to the scientific community and are undoubtedly an important contribution of online publication system.

We hope that our readers and researchers, who choose our journal to publish their articles and research notes, are already prepared to adjust themselves to this change, since the fact join, avoiding paper prints, promote the care of natural resources of our planet, contributing to its sustainability.


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