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Volume 45 - Number 1 - 2010
Article

 

Histological effects of Cu2+ to white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei (Crustacea: Decapoda) juveniles at low salinities

Selene M. Abad-Rosales1, Martín G. Frías-Espericueta2, Amir Inzunza-Rojas2, Isidro Osuna-López2, Federico Páez-Osuna3, Rodolfo Lozano-Olvera1 and Domenico Voltol

 

1Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Unidad Mazatlán, Mazatlán, Sinaloa 82000, México

2Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Laboratorio de Estudios Ambientales, Paseo Claussen s/n, Mazatlán, Sinaloa 82000, México

3Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Ciencia del Mar y Limnología, Unidad Académica Mazatlán, Mazatlán, Sinaloa 82000, México

4Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, Laboratorio UAS-CIBNOR, P.O. Box 1132, Mazatlán, Sinaloa 82000, México

 

E-mail: voltolin04@cibnor.mx

 

Juveniles of the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei were exposed during 25 days to the Cu2+ concentration commonly used in Mexican shrimp farms, at salinities of 1, 5, and 10 psu, in order to observe possible histological alterations to the antennal glands, midgut, gills and hepatopancreas. Survival was 100% in controls and treatments, and no histopathologies were observed in gills, midgut and antennal glands. Sloughing of epithelial cells (< 75%), infiltration of hemocytes (< 75%) and reduction in R and B cells (100%) were observed after 10 days in the hepatopancreas of shrimps exposed to Cu2+ at the lowest salinity and, to a lower degree, at salinities of 5 and 10 psu. This should be taken into consideration to establish criteria of acceptable water quality for inland aquaculture, because the interaction metal-salinity may induce adverse shrimp responses

 

Key words: Crustaceans, copper toxicity, histological damage, salinity

 

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